Monday, 02 June 2014 02:00

Speech of PCPE in the meeting “Struggle against the NATO barbarity in the Middle East and the North of Africa”

The struggle against NATO is a part of the struggle for Socialism-Communism

Istanbul, February 2013

Hosted by Communist Party of Turkey

Dear Comrades,

firstly I would like to thank the Communist Party of Turkey's invitation to participate in this event against NATO.

The PCPE comes to this meeting with the conviction that the exchange of views and experiences will lead to a better coordination of the struggles of our parties in our countries against one of the main tools of the imperialist powers such as NATO.

We believe that the actions of NATO in the Middle East and North Africa are part of the strategy of imperialist domination of a territory of growing geostrategic importance. At the same time, these operations are inserted in a combined operation in which the forms of action are many and the actors vary depending on the situation, sometimes being France, Italy or other countries who lead the intervention based on their own imperialist interests, gathering behind a group of more or less heterogeneous countries.

This being so, it is clear then that the struggle against NATO (whose character of imperialist military alliance we believe that is not under discussion) can not be conceived independently of the struggle within the member countries, many of them being at the same time members of other structures such as the European Union (whose character of imperialist state alliance is not under discussion neither, we believe).

Mali is today a good example of this multifaceted nature of imperialist interventions. France being the main power interested in intervening in that African country, the intervention is explicitly supported by NATO, although that support does not involve an open deployment of NATO forces as such. However, several NATO member countries are cooperating with France in this intervention, using the excuse of "logistical support", such as Spain, Belgium, Germany, Canada and the U.S., among others.

Operations of this type are contained in the "New Strategic Concept" of NATO, which explicitly mentions the possibility of providing support for the so-called European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI), according to which the European allies will conduct missions by themselves, "according to the needs of the moment."

In the current case of Mali, as we saw recently in Libya or now in Syria, the position of the European Union is unanimous in defence of the imperialist interests of some of member powers. Also the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), notorious for its anti-communist proclamations, has adopted a resolution that supports the French intervention and which received the mere abstention of several representatives of the Parliamentary Group of the European United Left from Netherlands, Denmark and Israel, and even vote for from a Moldovan representative.

The problem is not only in the existence of NATO as one of the tools of imperialism, but lies in the very nature of the imperialist powers that compose it, who occupy one place or another in the imperialist pyramid depending on multiple factors and whose own geostrategic interests sometimes require coordinated international operations under the umbrella of NATO, but sometimes it is the umbrella of the EU and other times the operations are considered "domestic" and they are articulated through support from other countries to the actions initiated by one of those powers.

These imperialist alliances, of one kind or another, are not free from internal contradictions generated by the clash of the particular interests of the different powers, but such contradictions are attenuated in face of the element that unites these members, which is none other than  their class position against the proletariat, the people and socialism – communism.

Therefore, for PCPE there is no doubt that the struggle against NATO must be framed in a more general struggle against all forms of imperialist alliances, as they all, in different ways but coordinated, promote and defend the monopolistic interests in large areas of the planet.

On this basis, the PCPE considers that is is very irresponsible to suggest that the position against NATO, framed in the broader struggle against imperialism, can be summarized in the request for the "dissolution" of the same or by the plain "way out" of our countries from this structure.

From our point of view, the first position is based in two serious mistakes: first, thinking about the possibility of persuading all member countries of the need of prescindir* such a tool, which is at  odds with their own imperialist interests. Second, the very suggestion of the possibility of a revolutionary process that would end the bourgeois power given simultaneously in all member countries of NATO, so that all of them, already constructing socialism-communism, decide to dissolve a structure that would be unnecessary since the international relations would have changed. We belive that such approach is idealistic and, furthermore, would deny the role of the Leninist concept of the weak link, born from the realization of the operation of the law of uneven economic and political development typical of imperialism. For us, this position, in practice, unreasonably delays the anti-imperialist struggle to ideal conditions that will not happen in the revolutionary struggle.

Moreover, a simple "way out" of NATO, without being accompanied at the same time by the construction of socialism, blatantly ignores the fact that the imperialist character of a country is not determined by the political superstructure in which it is framed but by the economic basis marked by the production relations that exist within it. Thus, in the current phase of capitalism, every capitalist country is embedded in the imperialist pyramid and their interests are intended to achieve the best position in that pyramid. In the case of Spain the membership in NATO, in the same way that the membership in the European Union, improves its position in the imperialist pyramid, improving the promotion of the interests of its monopolies and therefore it is necessary to struggle against these monopolies and insert there the anti-NATO struggle, the struggle against all imperialist alliances.

Our country has been a NATO member for almost 31 years: it houses five NATO headquarters, it is part of the U.S. missile shield structure, it houses the combined air operations center for southern Europe, the Canary Islands are used as a platform for interventions in Africa, and Spain, in recent years, has been militarily active in countries such as Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, Namibia, Eritrea, Rwanda, Chad, Congo, Libya, Iraq, Lebanon and Haiti either under the umbrella of NATO, the EU or the UN.

The question is therefore: is it possible to struggle against NATO without simultaneously struggling against the other imperialist alliances, and especially against the very power of monopolies in our country that requires the presence of our countries in these structures? Is it possible today to raise the issue of the way out of NATO whitout raising at the same time the issue of the overthrow of bourgeois power and the construction of socialism-communism? We think it is not possible.

We think that the struggle against NATO goes through the same path as the struggle against other imperialist alliances like the European Union: unilateral disengagement from these partnerships in the process of building socialism-communism in our countries, because it is not possible to raise the issue of the way out of these structures without talking about a change at the level of political power.

In our 9th Congress we clearly affirm that structures such as NATO and the EU are not reformable. We affirm that it is not possible today to speak of abandoning them without a class solution, a socialist solution. Therefore we understand that the steps to be followed are:

-The sum of forces at the level of each country for the socialist transformation of the country, allowing a change in the correlation of forces and implementation of another economy that would serve the interests of working class and the popular strata and would settle social and economic relations between countries based on mutual benefit and not on plunder and aggression. This economy at the service of the people, accompanied by a process of social transformation, would mean the abandonment of all structures of imperialist domination and the establishment of various agreements with the rest of countries.

-The search for possible temporary, in some cases strategic, alliances with forces from NATO and  EU member countries to oppose the policies and aggressions of the EU and NATO and in defence of the struggling peoples worldwide to pressure the imperialist powers and articulate the World Anti-Imperialist Front where we will have to contest the hegemony of the reformist positions.

-The promotion of the tools of the worldwide anti-imperialist movement such as the World Peace Council.

If we do not give steps in this direction, if we fail to clarify and coordinate the positions of the communist movement against the inter-state alliances used by the imperialist powers against the people, then we will be missing the opportunity to raise, once and for all, the working class and people's alternative for a world without exploitation and without looting.

Thank you very much.