Sunday, 02 June 2013 02:00

Contribution from PCPE to the International Communist Seminar (ICS). Brussels, 2013.

The Spanish economy has spent six years immersed in a harsh capitalist crisis which has its main cause in overproduction and determines the policies being applied by the different governments in favour of the monopolies.


Both with PSOE and PP governments, the working class and popular sectors of our country have had to burden the consequences of the capitalist crisis: more than six million unemployed, the rate of youth unemployment is 57%, since 2008 half a million families have been evicted from their homes through eviction, over 25% of children under 16 suffer malnutrition, poverty rate reaches 21.8%. As the capitalist crisis develops, society is increasingly being torn into two opposite poles: a parasite minority living at the expense of the suffering and work of an immense majority of society.


In this situation, the ruling class has unleashed a real war against working class and the people, which takes place primarily on three fronts:


-Progressive cheapening of the labour force: this is a trend observed since 1973 but has worsened since 2007.

-Questioning of trade union rights of the working class, including the right to strike.

-Cutting of rights and democratic freedoms: limitation of the right to participate in elections, limitations on the right to demonstrate, increasing impunity of repressive forces, limiting the possibilities for legal defense, changes in the criminal law, etc.


All these measures confirm that the oligarchic-bourgeois ruling bloc is prepared for a class struggle of extraordinary hardness in Spain. Rights and freedoms are progressively wiped out and the violence with which the capitalist dictatorship is exercised intensifies, as the legitimacy of bipartisanship (PP - PSOE) and parliamentary monarchy starts to break.


In this scenario, social movements arise. From clear petty-bourgeois positions, they promote slogans which are functional to a large-scale reform of the capitalist building: throw them all!, No parties nor trade unions!, they say. The demands of these groups are widely spread by the  communications monopolies and contribute strongly to generate in large segments of the popular sectors the fiction that another capitalism is possible, a democratic and participatory capitalism which could develop the so-called Welfare State, with the active complicity of opportunistic forces, which try to exploit the situation and advance electorally with the aim of replacing the PSOE and becoming the left wing of the system.


The possibility of a capitalism with a human face, a democratic, peaceful and absent class struggle capitalism has been refuted by the events. The historical boundaries of the capitalist social formation are evident today for millions of workers in our countries and we have the confirmation that imperialism is the highest and last stage of capitalism, a confirmation of the reaction trend in all areas and an increasing danger of a large-scale imperialist war.


The abovementioned factors determine the strategy of the Communist and Workers Parties. For the PCPE this strategy must point to the overthrow of monopoly capitalism, the triumph of workers' power and the construction of socialism - communism. The Communist and Workers Parties must intervene in the class struggle delimiting the field with the opportunist positions. That is the only way to be able to change the balance of forces within the labour movement. We have to define a class alliance policy that achieves to bring together the popular sectors suffering the hardships of the capitalist crisis, forging an alliance that aims at building a workers' and people's front which, under the leadership of the working class, advances towards the revolutionary crisis with the goal of the seizure of power.


The attacks against democratic rights and freedoms can not be analyzed outside the reactionary tendency of imperialism and the character of the time. The democratic struggle is meaningful only in the context of the overall struggle for socialism - communism, as today no democratic task depends on the ruling classes. The only class whose objective interests give birth to a democratic project is the proletariat. A democratic project for workers and the allied popular sectors that will be, at the same time, a dictatorship for the reactionary classes: the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat in the forms adopted in each case by the workers' and people's power.


The reaction unleashed by the ruling classes in no case can be used as a pretext to justify a tactic independent from the strategic objectives of workers' power and socialist construction. The democratic struggle can not be separated from the class struggle. The tactics is the flexible element in the action of the Communist and Workers' Parties, but such flexibility is justified only to the extent that caters to the changing conditions of the class struggle and serves most effectively to the strategic objective. At the same time the tactics become pathetic opportunism when, with one pretext or another, it is separated from the strategic objective and mutates to become an alibi for the underpinning of a capitalist dictatorship.


The tactics of the Communist and Workers Parties mean to be actively involved in the struggle against the attacks against democratic rights and freedoms, revealing to the masses that these reactionary measures are inherently linked to imperialism, that behind each cutting of rights lies the aim to keep the working class defenseless and unarmed against monopolies. The tactics of our parties should consider the need to confront the opportunist positions that defend the reactionary utopia of a participatory and democratic capitalism with social justice, as do the forces assigned to the Party of the European Left. The defeat of these positions within the labour and trade union  movement is a precondition without which the change in the correlation of forces to advance in a revolutionary sense becomes impossible.


In the present scenario the debate on the opportunity to participate in inter-class popular fronts arises again, especially in the current conditions when in a number of countries organizations with openly fascist approaches are gaining strength. As democratic struggles can not be divorced from the struggle for socialism - communism, fascist phenomenon can not be analyzed outside the imperialist social formation that gives him life. Today we can not oppose fascism to democracy if the latter is understood in the abstract and apart from its class content. Fascism is not a phenomenon isolated from the needs of the ruling classes to increase exploitation and face the difficulties in the process of capital accumulation, trying to resume the expanded reproduction. Therefore, the Communist Parties must insist on the lines of continuity between both forms of exercise of capitalist dictatorship, we must insist on the instrumental nature that fascism has to monopoly power. We must incorporate broad social sector to the struggle against reaction, but we can not allow the workers' and people's struggle to be fought under a foreign flag, following the lure of defending bourgeois democracy and therefore underpinning capitalist dictatorship.


Under current conditions, the characterization of the current imperialist alliances is also crucial,  in face of the multi-polarity discourse. We're seeing a realignment of the role played by each power in the imperialist pyramid, the contradictions between the different imperialist powers and alliances are increasing and, with them, the danger of a predatory war on a large scale. The tactics of the Communist and Workers' Parties should take into consideration these contradictions, but that does not justify the abandonment of the principles of proletarian internationalism that involves choosing one or another imperialist alliance or power. It is essential to properly characterize each imperialist alliance and analyze not only the contradictions with other alliances, but the contradictions that occur within itself as the result of the law of uneven development. In the case of Communist and Workers' Parties of Member States of the European Union it is a duty to fight the imperialist interstate alliance in the context of the struggle for the overthrow of capitalism and for workers' power, for socialism and communism. In the same logic, we must resolutely fight against NATO and other military alliances, against the militarization of the economy and for the return of the troops that each of our countries sends to imperialist war.


Everything indicates that we should prepare for higher levels of confrontation, in which international solidarity, expressing our proletarian internationalist principles, must play an essential role. The 21st century will be the century of the victorious socialist revolutions, the century of the triumph of the working class against all forms of barbarism.



Executive Committee of the PCPE