International Activity

Johannesburgh, South Africa, December 3-5 2010

 

Greetings comrades,

First of all I would like to apologize for my absence yesterday. As many of you know, I was not here because I was member of the delegation that we decided to send to the 25th anniversary festival of COSATU.

Once again it is a great event to be gathered the representatives of the Communist and Workers' Parties from dozens of countries from the five continents, this time thanks to the hospitality and work of the South African CP.

The focus of our debate is the one that can take us forward together to overcome our class enemy, the enemy of the working class and its allies, capitalism.

I do not want to dwell on the analysis of the systemic crisis of capitalism as all of you have been able to read the views of PCPE in this regard. It was published in number 1 of the new International Communist Review. Today our party is discussing, in our 9 the Congress, the strategy of the Spanish communists in face of the capitalist crisis.

Our Party agrees with the views of many other Communist parties in the world, ones published in the International Communist Review and others published in documents of the revolutionary organizations. (By the way, if any comrade wants one, I still have some ICR reviews of the Spanish edition made by PCPE).

Without a revolutionary process it will be impossible to end the exploitation of man by man, which is the motor center of capitalism.

In order to promote the revolutionary change, accepting the nuances that we have between us, we can only move forward if in every country the working class and its allies become the leading vanguard.

The workers' struggles developed since the last meeting of Communist Parties in India, are referred to the 13 general strikes in Greece, 7 in France, many other countries in Europe and other continents, the general strike of just one day Spain.

In all of them the working class has been called by the class trade unions to fight against capitalism. The World Federation of Trade Unions and its members have been able to demonstrate that only the working class can cope successfully with capitalist barbarity. The letter that we have all received here from George Mavrikos, Secretary General of the WFTU, gives more information than the one I can give here. The 16th Congress of the WFTU, to be held in April in Athens,, will for sure mean a step forward in the line of strenghtening the class tradeunionism. The PCPE supports the three requests made by the Secretary General of the WFTU in his letter to all those present here.

As stated in the title of the topic under discussion these days in Johannesburg, the working class must know how to be allied with other sectors of society in every state and territory. Historically, it has always been this way when the revolutionary processes have won.

In Spain we move forward in the alliance of anti-imperialist and anti-monopoly organizations. It is increasingly clear to the Spanish working class the role of social democracy and its allies (some call themselves the left, but are yielded to the decisions of big business).

Actually this happens in every country in the world. I only wish to refer to the shameful capitulation of the social agreement tradeunionism, supported by the European Parliament and the world bourgeoisie. Remember the Congress of the International Trade Union Confederation held in Canada last June. There the International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization had a seat and could address to the delegates. (I have a document here, which I have already given to many of you, in which this attitude of of class collaboration practised by the ITUC is better explained).

The communists have to expose the false union leaders, those who, while claiming to defend the interests of employees, actually are accepting capitulations imposed by those who finance them. This is the case of CCOO and UGT in Spain. Thus in Spain the PCPE is working to recover class unionism by uniting all those who struggle against capitalism.

The great European and global battle against imperialism, has scored important successes, as were the demonstrations in Spain of millions of people who forced the Social Democratic government to withdraw Spanish troops from Iraq. The same in other countries, also in Latin America defeating imperialist maneuvers, most recently in Ecuador last September. Or the closest major NATO action in Lisbon on 20 November.

The Communists must know how to lead the great revolutionary mass organizations and coordinate their activities and fight the enemy of humanity, against capitalism.

Comrades, the PCPE is always ready to help advance the alliances that will help end the exploitation of man by man. So in the coming months we will promote activities that lead to the weakening of the bourgeoisie in our country, unmasking the role of ally that is being played by the Social Democrats and their allies.

In particular we hope that the World Festival of the Youth and Students, which takes place within a few days here in South Africa, and the 16th Congress of the WFTU, to be held in Athens from 6 to 10 April next year, will make a new stage in the struggle to decisively defeat capitalism.

We also hope that meetings like the one we're will carry out agreements for joint action of the communists, following the experience already developed in Europe in relation to the EU (21 Communist Parties participated) and in other parts of the world.  Surely the International Communist Review, with the issues tha will be edited, will be a good tool for exchanging arguments between communists in order to strengthen our global ideological struggle.

Thank you for your attention.

Quim Boix

PCPE

South Africa, 5 December 2010

 

New Delhi, India, November 20-22 2009

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CAPITALIST CRISIS

 

The current crisis of capitalism is a structural one, it increases the organic composition of capital in a more accelerated way and the law of the tendency to fall of the profit rate is developing steadfastly.


The privatization of the advaced technologies, a consequence of the scientific and technical developlment, has progressively reduced the participation of the labour force in the commodirties production and thus the possibility of generation and appropiation of surplus value by the capitalist.
The immediate consequence for the working class is that the capital is looking for a cheaper labour force, the relocation of companies, creating flows of working masses towards the capitalist centres. The working class is losing buying power, they are forced to increase the working hours, is suffering the abandoning of the states and the bourgeois organizations and institutions, unemployment rises to tragical numbers, placin the percentage in more than 20% in some countries so-called central countries, like Spain. At the same time, capitalism is using the fictitious protectionism, which in a biased discourse of social protection of the workers in the central countries, “we” before “them”, unleashes xenophobia against immigrant workers and, added to the institutional order, the immigrant population does not only bear xenophobia, but they are also victims of the directives and laws attacking the human being.


Capitalism is responding to the reduction of the profitability in the productive field directing the capital towards the improductive and speculative areas. In speculation, capitalism finds a higher profit in less time than in the productive field, also increasing corruption, intrinsic to capitalism, as it has been proved by the many cases appearing in the latest months in Spain.
Financial and speculative capital has played the leading role in the last decades in the process of capital accumulation. The financialization of the capitalist economy, highest representative of the parasitism in the imperialist stage, has been the basis of the financial speculation, reducing the accumulation through the commodities production to a percentage that is being reduced day after day in the world capitalist economy. Today, production and distribution of commodities is a minimum part of the capitalist economy.
The financial crisis is only a link in the chain, it can not be analysed as the only factor, forgetting the historical and social factor of a way of development of the human species.


In the frame of the capitalist crisis, the energy crisis is a part of the speculative processes, increasing the prices and becoming a burden for the economies of central capitalism, specially those who have a limited capacity of self supply.
The failure, at least at this moment, in the production of biofuel, increases the tendency of capital to appropiate the natural reserves placed in Latin America, Africa, Middle East and some parts of the post-Soviet Russia.


The logical need of capitalism to control the natural resources develops an international policy of militar interventions, leads to wars against Iraq and Afghanistan and aggresions against Latin American countries, who are threatened with war with the deployment of the 4th Fleet, the instalation of US bases in Colombia or the coup in Honduras, and the “non-mediatic” wars in the African continent.


The state of permanent war helps the arms development, forcing other countries to have an effective demand of the final product and passing the improductive cost of war to other nations.


In this picture, capitalism has no other possibility than making war an essential tool to sustain the process of capital accumulation.
In Europe, the Lisbon Treaty underpins the military aspect with the obligation of the member states of increasing the military expenditure and the acknowledgement of the preventive war.


The food crisis affects more than 1.000 million people who already suffer from extreme famine.
The destruction of the productive capacity by the capitalism of the central countries puts the harvests in a market out of control where production of food does not respond to the need of supply, but to the dictates of capital. Capital, in its speculative logics, makes the price of food swing, thus affecting the population who is economically weaker. It is possible today to solve the problem of famine in the world. The technologies of agricultural and farming production allow the production of food for the whole mankind.


The mass-media of capitalism accomplish their role perfectly, being the ideological apparatus of bourgeoisie. Their fragmenting analysis of reality satisfies the goal of dozing off the working class, preparing the acceptance of the consequences of a capitalist practice under the slogan of terror against any protest or activity of the oppressed class. The psicology of terror is enlightened so fear is the main constant element in the life of the peoples. They create and improve the repressive instruments that are coordinated at all possible level, and who complete the picture with the crimminalization of the revolutionary options, the elimination of the protests. In face of this, capitalism proposes us “political and social consensus” for overcoming the crisis, transmitting the idea that this is the only possible choice.


There is no place for intermediate solutions, there are no reforms that could eliminate capital, the socialization of capitalism is the proposal of political opportunism, the social unity so much defended from social-democratic positions is hiding the goal of saving the economic order of capital, even though the cost is to increase the social uneveness and exploitation. Socialism is the alternative for mankind, it is time to overcome stages of doubts about the arrival of socialism, we must advance in the organizational stage of struggle that has to promote the process as a real option.
The Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain proposes the ellaboration of the tactical stages of this period, which have to be concreted in a potent process of accumulation of forces:
 
-Advance and consolidation of the coordination fo the international communist movement, with a common programme. Creation of a working committee with the task of advancing in this field.


-Promoting the creation of the World Antiimperialist Front as an alliance of all the revolutionary and progressive forces, with a minimum programme.
While these general coordinations – communist and antiimperialist - advance and come to reality, let us promote unity of actions in some concrete issues in face of the attacks of the imperialist system, the actions could be regional or worldwide.
Some examples:


-Actions against the famines of 1.000 million people.
-Actions against war in Afghanistan.
-World Day in solidarity with Palestine and other peoples in struggle.
-World action against the destruction of Amazone.

Comrades,

 

First of all I would like to congratulate the CP of Brazil for the excellent way of fulfilling the challenge of organizing the 10th Meeting and thank them for their fraternal welcome.

I would also like to congratulate the parties of the Working Group for the tasks fulfilled since the last meeting, that have allowed us to have at our disposal several texts elaborated collectively and that we have received in advance.

Finally I would like to convey the struggling greetings from the Central Committee and the militants of the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain to the parties present at this meeting.

In order to stick to the time given, I will shorten the subject of the characterization of the crisis, since we are coincident with the core of  comrade Echegaray's speech; this is a global crisis of the system with many sides, from the so-called financial crisis, that is nothing else but the bankruptcy of the casino economy, the speculative economy, which means more than the 80% of the international transactions in the capitalist world, to the crisis of the real or productive economy, going through the food and energy crises.

But we have to let clear that this is not a crisis of the neoliberal model, as some pretend, but a global crisis of the capitalist system, from which neoliberalism is nothing else but its way of expression in the last decades. What is under question is the model of production and capitalist exploitation, not one of its ways of development.

This crisis does not necessarily mean the end of capitalism, it would be naive to think that those who have the economic and political power will fold their arms to see how their domination system collapses; they will look for a way out of the crisis, probably increasing their level of barbarism, and that way out will probably mean a higher intervention from the state in its management, thus relapsing its consequences on the workers and the peoples by articulating the necessary measures, including the changes in the legal frame, that allow the maintenance of the process of capitalist accumulation and concentration without great frights.

And this is why they will accelerate the process of deregulation of the labour markets, they will attack the right to collective agreements, they will try to finish with the democratic rights, even the formal ones, they will widen their war policies and will try to increase the dependence and subordination of the countries from the so-called third world, mainly those countries with strategic raw materials.

 

But our duty, the duty of the communists today, is to act in the direction of avoiding or hindering as far as possible that way out and to take advange of the fact that this crisis makes clear the darkest side of the exploitation system and lets clear its contradictions; working in the direction of increasing the consciousness of the working class, strenghtening the class positions in the trade union organizations, creating wide fronts of the popular, progressive and anticapitalist forces in the line of articulating the World Antiimperialist Front, and recovering the space once lost for the ideas of communists, strenghtening our organizations, their intervention and struggle ability and increasing our coordination.

In this last direction, making comrade Iturralde's words our own, in the sense that we can not stay in the theorisation and the speech but we have to come to practical conclusions for action in the sphere of coordination and unity of action of the Communist and Workers' Parties, we salute and support the proposals made by comrade Fernando Remírez, referring to the creating of a web page, the approval of a political resolution in the next meeting, not only a press statement, and that the issues in the agenda would be more specific and concrete.

We are aware of the different situations existing in the different regions of the world, but we believe it is indispensable to increase the levels of regional coordination in order to provide concrete answers from the communists' positions to the common problems, those faced by the peoples, their workers and the popular strata in the different regions, those problems whose origin has the most of the times a supranational character.

In the concrete issue of the unity of action, comrade Echegaray pointed out that we should use next year, 50th anniversary of the Cuban Revolution, to concrete around this date a common action of all of us, incrasing the value of the concept of communists' internationalism, and we would like to make another concrete proposal: the possibility of having a joint statement of the communist parties in the important dates of May 1st and November 7th so that, in the first one, we bring back to the foreground the importance of the working class as the revolutionary subject and the necessity of increasing its level of consciuousness as the indispensable step to raise the revolutionary transformations that lead us to socialism; in the second date, we would vindicate the role of the bolshevik October, the role of the communists from all over the world in the struggles for the political, economic and social liberation of the workers and the peoples.

We hope and desire that this 10th Meeting will mean an important step forward in the coordination of the communists all over the world, and we would like to finish highlighting that the dilemma socialism of barbarism is today more clear than ever for us.

 

Comrades, LONG LIVE SOCIALISM 

Leopoldo del Prado

Member of the CC

Member of the International Relations Committee

 

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